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How to Breed Puppies

Why should breeding dogs be registered?

Your dogs should be registered if you are going to breed. A registered dog has a pedigree—a traceable family tree. When we look at the registration certificate, we can see who the dog’s family is. A pup inherits 50% of its genes from each parent, 25% from each of its four grandparents, and 12.5% from each of its eight great grandparents. Anything farther back is unlikely to affect the pup. The certificate also shows whether there are any champions in the pedigree. This is shown by the letters “CH” beside the name. It is a title that the dog has won after being examined in the show ring. Just like “Dr.” is a title that a human being has won after passing an exam. 

The letters “IMP” against their name on their registration certificate denotes imported dogs.

We can also tell which kennels (or breeder) the bloodline comes from. The kennel name is added to the dog’s registered name.  “Gibbinning” is a kennel name. It can go before or after the dog’s registered name.  If a dog named Max were bred at Gibbinning kennel, it could be called “Gibbinning’s Max.”   However, if Max had been bred by someone else, and purchased by Gibbinning kennel, the kennel name could be added after his original name, e.g. “Max of Gibbinning.”  If Max already had a kennel name—say, “Doggonnit Max” the new owner could add her own kennel name at the time of purchase, making it “Doggonnit Max of Gibbinning.”  Thus a dog’s name becomes longer and fancier. It doesn’t mean it’s a long fancy dog, though, as dogs are registered without being inspected. At least if we know what kennels the dogs come from, we can tell what kind of dogs they are.  Breeders who put their kennel name on dogs have a reputation to keep up.  They won’t breed with dogs that have defects that could be passed on to the progeny. (We hope not anyway!) If every dog were registered, we could trace inherited disorders to common ancestors and eliminate those dogs from the breeding scene.

A problem arises when dogs are NOT registered. No one knows their ancestry.  If you already have a dog who is unregistered and nothing but nobody ain’t gonna stop you breeding with it no way no how, try to get a mate who is registered then you and your customers will at least know half the pedigree.

We need to realise that if we produce even just ONE litter of unregistered dogs, the people who buy them will more than likely use them for breeding purposes. People think that if they buy a dog from two different breeders, they can’t possibly be related, especially if they are in two different towns, but this is not so. People and their dogs move from town to town.  One breeder buys from another breeder.  A dog can have several litters. By the time it has its second litter, the first litter, which is now scattered all over the country, could be producing offspring. A dog’s children and grandchildren could be advertised at the same time in two different towns.  No one would suspect the litters are related!

Then there are second dog marriages with different partners, producing stepbrothers and sisters all over the place.

In-breeding, that is the mating of close relatives, can cause hereditary defects that only become apparent when the dog is fully-grown.

Before you buy a marriage partner, ask to see the papers.

Another reason to register puppies is that people are willing to pay a higher price so that they can have the peace of mind of knowing that the dog is from registered stock.

We register our human babies, so let's register our doggy babies too. Let's give them a birth certificate and remember they have come from a family - a bloodline. Registering births has been the practice for humans since ancient times. Read about King Hezekiah in the Bible, "I found a register of the people and found records therein of people who had been taken captive." Nehemiah 7, 5. There is history, and "story" to be found in records.

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